IVF Babble India

Experiencing issues conceiving? IVF offers hope

Did you know that infertility is experienced by up to 16.8% of couples in India?

It’s true – the World Health Organisation estimates that up to 15% of couples around the world are plagued by infertility, and the number is nearly 17% of people in India. In urban areas like Mumbai and New Delhi, the numbers can be even higher!

But even if you have been diagnosed with fertility issues, there is still hope for you to conceive and have a child. Thanks to modern medicine, there are plenty of different fertility treatments available, including in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, it is essential to note that IVF is not always successful. What happens then?

As hard as it is to accept, IVF can fail. Some people face failure and their spirits and hopes can get really down. Some of the most common reasons for IVF failure include poor quality sperm, uterine abnormalities, fibroids, polyps, and having a thin endometrium. Sometimes the reasons are simply unknown and unexplained.

According to infertility specialist Dr Hrishikesh Pai, “IVF failure could be the result of genetic abnormalities in the gametes, autoimmune diseases, other diseases in the mother such as uncontrolled diabetes, thyroid disorders, etc., or the female’s inability to produce eggs for fertilization. Another common reason for failed IVF procedure failure is embryo transfer.”

That’s why it’s so important that both man and woman undergo a thorough examination before any round of IVF

These examinations should include complete blood tests for both, and an ultrasound for her. According to consultant gynaecologist Dr Sunita Arora, a laparoscopic hysteroscopy test is a wise choice, as it can help identify barriers to conception.

This procedure, which is sometimes offered as a day-patient procedure with no anaesthetic, can be excruciating for some women. Women should always be told about the potential for great pain and should be given the option to have their hysteroscopy with intravenous pain medicine or under general anaesthetic. If you are not warned about the pain or your doctor minimizes how much it can hurt, find a new doctor.

As Dr Arora states, “your specialist will make sure that your endometrium is fit for implantation in thickness and quality, as well as send a sample to rule out tuberculosis. Hydrosalpinges (the presence of a fluid-filled distension of the fallopian tube) can be clipped to avoid the embryotoxic fluid from causing IVF failures.”

In some cases, adding new technologies to the IVF procedure can help success rates

Infertility specialist Dr Rohan Palshetkar recommends Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD). These add-ons can help improve your chances of conception.

“In ICSI, a single sperm with proper shape and genetic makeup is chosen under a high definition microscope and injected into the egg to form a healthy embryo. On the other hand, PGD is a screening test done on the embryos to identify any genetic disorder that one or both the parents may have,” Dr Palshetkar explains.

If you have experienced IVF failure, don’t despair. There are many additional measures and diagnostic tests that can help you have success for future cycles. Determining the reasons for the failures can improve your chances going forward. Good luck with your IVF!

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